Last month, a Massachusetts US District Court judge held that a former employee who quit was still eligible for $32,000 in sales commissions despite a commission plan that provided otherwise. (Israel v. Voya Institutional Plan Services, LLCI) Voya’s commission plan specifically stated that an employee who resigns is not eligible for further commission payments. The plan was clear and on point. How did the judge get to yes on the commission?
Voya’s plan could not override the Wage Act requirement that sales commissions be paid promptly once the amount is “definitely determined”–at that point the commission becomes “due and payable.” The judge distinguished a sales commission, as a share of sales revenue generated by an employee, from other types of variable compensation– like a bonus. Because the amount of commission was known and earned based on sales, it fell under the Wage Act’s strict payment requirements.
Massachusetts employers who provide commissions as part of their pay structure are advised to review their commission plans in light of this decision. As we all know, the MA Wage Act, with its costly provisions for damages and attorney’s fees, is not to be taken lightly.