On May 4, 2017, President Trump signed an Executive Order Promoting Free Speech and Religious Liberty. Could this order allow discrimination against LGBTQ individuals and women, as feared? Will this impact the workplace? No. Here is the line to remember: Existing laws cannot be overturned by Executive Orders.
Let’s take a look at this Order as a good example. The portion of the Order that pertains to Federal law is:
_Sec_. _4_. _Religious Liberty Guidance_. In order to guide all agencies in complying with relevant Federal law, the Attorney General shall, as appropriate, issue guidance interpreting religious liberty protections in Federal law.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions can issue guidance until the cows come home: The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) does not answer to him. The EEOC is an independent federal agency charged with enforcing federal laws against illegal discrimination in the workplace. Laws like the ADA, ADEA, FLSA, FMLA and Title VII are under the purview of the EEOC for enforcement and guidance. Congress may make changes to the laws and the courts can overrule, clarify or uphold the laws.
Executive Orders might be good optics but cannot impact the rule of federal. state or local law in the workplace.